230 years ago this week, the British and Americans clashed on a battlefield along the Hudson River that has come to be regarded as one of the most significant battles in military history, perhaps better known world-wide than it is here at home.
Saratoga National Historic Park preserves 3200 acres of battlefield where American Revolutionaries, behind General Horation Gates, prevent-ed British control of the Hudson River in the Fall of 1777. In two battles three weeks apart the British suffered 1,000 casualties and General John Burgoyne, awaiting reinforcements that never arrived, was forced to surrender 6,000 men.
By thwarting the British initiative to split the Colonies in half, the Americans went a long way towards gaining their independence. Saratoga is one of the most famous and influential battlefields in the world and the National Park Service maintains the ground much as it looked in 1777.
The dog-friendly Wilkinson-National Recreation Trail is a 4.2-mile loop across the property, much of which was farmland during the Revolution. The trail is named for the lieutenant who drew maps of the Saratoga Battlefield in 1777. Save for a single dip into the Great Ravine, this is easy canine hiking across rolling grasslands with islands of airy deciduous woods.
You hike with your dog on the roads British troops took to and from the two battles. Interpretive stops include British and German redoubts (outlined in red and white posts). The .6-mile Freeman Loop visits the sit of some of the fiercest fighting on John Freeman's farm and the British Balcarres Redoubt.
Behind the Breymann Redoubt, Station C, on the Wilkinson Trail, is the unique Boot Monument. The boot in question belonged to American battle hero Benedict Arnold (before he switched sides to the British). Arnold rode through a cross-fire in front of the defensive position to secure victory and recieved a second wound in his leg. The marble boot monument does not mention the eventual traitor's name.
If you drive the auto tour road there are additional short explorations, including a one-mile loop traill that passes the gravesite of Brigadier General Simon Fraser, the spirited core of the British troops. There is no water along the park trails and on hot days a canine canteen will be in order.
To reach the battlefield, leave the Northway (I-87) at Exit 14 (from the north) or Exit 12 (from the south) and follow signs for Route 29 East to Schuylerville. Turn south on Route 4 and you will find the main entrance to the Battlefield in eight miles.
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